This Month In Your Garden
- Plant roses and fruit trees. The best selection is available in January and February.
- Start seeds of tomatoes, eggplant and peppers indoors in bright light and on a heat mat to speed germination. Start seeds of broccoli, cabbage and cauliflower indoors or in a greenhouse at the end of the month. When seedlings are ready to go outside (in six to eight weeks), plant them and drape with floating row covers to speed growth.
- Plant potatoes, asparagus, horse radish, artichokes and rhubarb.
- Plant strawberries, raspberries, blackberries, blueberries, currants, olives, kiwis, figs and pomegranates.
- Plant cool-season annual flowers such calendulas, dianthus, Iceland poppies, pansies, snapdragons and violas, to name a few. They will give color all spring.
- Plant cool-season vegetables such as lettuce, spinach and swiss chard.
- Purchase summer-blooming bulbs such as dahlias, begonias and gladiolus, and plant in March.
- Prune roses. Finish pruning this month and fertilize after pruning.
- Prune woody shrubs such as butterfly bush, fuchsia, Mexican sage and artemisia to stimulate new sturdy growth.
- Prune deciduous fruit trees. Winter pruning stimulates new growth. Summer pruning helps to keep trees small.
- Prune evergreen shrubs and hedges such as boxwood so new spring growth fills them out quickly.
- If you did not spray in January, spray deciduous fruit trees and roses with Master Nursery Pest Fighter Oil to protect from insects and Monterey Liqui-Cop to protect from fungus diseases such as black spot, rust and powdery mildew.
- Spray Bonide's Organic Copper Fungicide on peaches and nectarines to prevent peach leaf curl. Then from bud break to petal drop (about a month long), spray Copper Fungicide once a week for a total of four sprays.
- Watch for late frosts and protect tender plants with N-Sulate Frost Protection Blanket. If plants are damaged by frost, do not prune off dead portions until after all danger of frost is over.
- Set out snail bait to protect young, tender growth of flowers and vegetables.