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4010 Mt Diablo Blvd.
Lafayette, CA, 94549

Life is Beautiful Blog

How To Read Our Rose Signs

Lauren Brookhart

We pride ourselves on providing both informative signage throughout the nursery and professional advice from our staff to help you find and choose the best plants for your garden. That said, with the abundance of plant varieties available at the nursery, sometimes the hardest part is narrowing down the choices!

Our rose signage features key details that we hope, make it a little easier to choose. Our signs are designed to help steer you in the right direction, whether you're planting for fragrance, color, cutting and beyond! Below, you'll find our easy guide to help you master our signage. As always, our staff is on hand to help with any questions that may arise! 

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1. Group Categories

Modern Bush - Refers to those roses typically used for cut flower arranging and exhibition. Includes Hybrid Tea, Floribunda and Grandiflora.

Landscape - Plants in this group have been hybridized for easy care - they rarely need to be sprayed or deadheaded. 

Climbing - These are roses that send out long canes and can be trained on a wall or over an arbor.

English Style - Roses that combine the open-flowering habit and fragrance of Old Garden roses with the continuous bloom and color range of modern hybrids. 

Miniature - Roses with little flowers and petite foliage on plants that stay 24" high and under.

Patio Tree - Floribunda and Miniature hybrids grafted on 24" stems to form a small tree.

Standard Tree - Hybrid Tea, Grandiflora and Floribunda hybrids grafted on 36" stems to create a larger tree. 

2. Fragrance

Each "f" denotes the level of fragrance. One "f" is light while "fff" is strong.

3. Good For Cutting

If the signage features a scissor symbol, this means the rose is good for cutting. This is especially important if you are planning on using your roses to create bouquets and arrangements. 

4. Disease Resistance

A "+" sign denotes that the particular variety has shown more resistance to one or more of the major rose diseases including rust, powdery mildew, black spot, etc. 

5. Rose Types

Hybrid Tea - Typical cutting rose. Long stemmed, usually one large blossom per stem.

Floribunda - Usually shorter than Hybrid Tea. Multiple smaller blossoms. Can still be used for cutting. 

Grandiflora - Usually taller than Hybrid Tea. Large, well-formed flowers in clusters. Can be cut. 

Other Types - For more information on some of the many other rose types, please ask for assistance from our Nursery staff!

6. Height and Habit

Explains how the plant grows. 

7. Petal Count

Roses with a high petal count require more heat to open fully. On the cooler side of the tunnel (Oakland and Berkeley), choose roses with 35 or less petals, on the warm (hot) Lamorinda side, roses with 30 or more petals do well. 

8. Introduction Date

Or AARS Award, and a brief description.

Harvesting From Your Winter Garden

Lauren Brookhart

It's time to harvest your winter veggies! As the harvest season continues, we'll be covering all you need to know for a successful picking. Stay tuned for more! 



Harvest young plants or lower leaves on older plants. Leaves should be young and tender. Taste improves with cool weather. 


Mustard greens can be eaten raw or cooked. The whole plant can be cut at once or individual outer leaves can be picked for a cut-and-come-again harvest. The young leaves, four to five inches long, are mild-flavored and can be eaten raw in salads. The older leaves taste better when prepared as cooked greens. Avoid yellow, over mature mustards with seeds or yellow flowers attached.

When choosing mustard greens, know that the smaller, more tender leaves of spring will generally be milder in flavor than the mature leaves of summer and fall. If you don't find the flavor of the raw leaves too harsh, try adding a small amount to a salad for a lively, peppery accent. To tame the bitterness, use a combination of heat, salt and fat. We like mustard greens just lightly wilted, blanched, or sautéed to retain the bright color and texture, but they can also be boiled or braised longer to soften the flavor. Ingredients that help balance the bitterness include salt, soy sauce, bacon, prosciutto, toasted nuts, olive or sesame oil.


English: The pea pods should look and feel full. Peas are sweeter if harvested before they are fully plumped. Peas really need to be tasted (raw) to determine if they are sweet enough.

Edible pod: Harvest when the pods are fully developed, but before seeds are more than half size.



Harvest once the kohlrabi "bulb" is between two and three inches in diameter for best texture. Too much longer than that and it will be tough and woody. It keeps well 7 - 10 days if stored in a cool place.

There are two varieties of kohlrabi. One is purple and the other is pale green. They both have the same mild and fresh tasting flavor, not dissimilar to water chestnuts. Kohlrabi is neither as peppery as a turnip nor as distinctive as cabbage, but easy to see why people think it is a little of both. It can be served as  an alternative to carrots and turnips, nicely steamed and whipped.

Although kohlrabi is not a very popular vegetable in North America, it is commonly eaten in Europe, as well as in China, India, and other parts of Asia. The bulbs are often sliced and eaten in salads and the greens are cooked in mustard oil with garlic and chilies.

Very small kohlrabies are tender and can be cooked whole. However, if they are and bigger than 2 inches in diameter, they can be stuffed. To do this, hollow out a little before cooking and then stuff with onions and tomatoes, for instance. For sliced kohlrabi, cook until just tender and serve with butter or a creamy sauce. They can also be cooked long and slow in gratin dishes, parboil them and bake in the oven covered with cheese sauce.

Read on for a delicious Roasted Roots with Kale, Mustard Vinaigrette, and Farm Egg recipe! 


High in potassium, iron, and vitamin A and C, cardoons are too bitter and tough to eat raw, but once cleaned and cooked, they are an unusual, tender delight. The stalks are dipped into the wonderful Piedmontese bagna cauda, a hot dip of olive oil and anchovies, and take well to frying, roasting, and making into soup.

Select bunches with firm, fresh turgid stalks, fresh looking leaves, and lots of available inner stalks. Keep in mind that the very tough outer stalks must be removed and discarded, so a good batch of inner stalks is important.

Place cardoons in a plastic bag or wrap in a damp kitchen towels and keep in the refrigerator for a day or two. They are best when fresh, and since the take up a lot of space in the refrigerator, it is wise to prepare them soon after harvest.

In preparing, strip away and discard the tough outer stalks. Using a stainless steel or carbon-stainless steel alloy knife, strip the inner stalks of any thorny spurs and fibrous stings, much like you clean celery. Cut the stalks as directed in individual recipes and, if not put into liquid to cook immediately, immerse in water to which lemon juice has been added to stave off browning. You will usually need to simmer the cardoon pieces in liquid for 40 - 60 minutes, or until they are tender, before using them to fry, in gratins or soups. They are also good sautéed with olive or served with a cheese sauce. 

Roasted Roots with Kale, Mustard Vinaigrette, and Farm Egg

Lauren Brookhart

Serves 2 to 3


  • 1 bunch baby turnips
  • 1 pound mixed baby potatoes
  • 1 kohlrabi
  • 2 tablespoons olive oil
  • 2 tablespoons extra-virgin olive oil
  • 2 sprigs rosemary
  • 1 tablespoon salt
  • Cracked black pepper
  • 1/2  pound baby kale
  • 1 egg per person (optional)

Mustard Vinaigrette

  • 1 tablespoon whole-grain mustard
  • 2 tablespoons champagne vinegar
  • 1/4  teaspoon salt
  • 6 tablespoons olive oil


1.    Preheat the oven to 375˚F.

2.    Scrub the rutabaga and turnips clean using a clean brush, then cut into bite-sized pieces. Peel the kohlrabi, removing all its tough outer skin. Cut the kohlrabi to match the size of the baby turnips and baby potatoes, so they will roast evenly.

3.    In a roasting pan, place the roots, 1/4 cup water, olive oil, rosemary, salt, and black pepper. Cover with aluminum foil and roast in the oven for 40 to 45 minutes. Check the vegetables with a small knife; it should go through without resistance.

4.    While the vegetables are in the oven, clean the kale. Make the vinaigrette by whisking together the mustard, vinegar, and salt, then slowly streaming in the oil while continuing to whisk the mustard mixture.

5.    When the roots are done, toss them, while still hot, in a bowl with the baby kale and vinaigrette.

6.    If you are adding the optional egg, warm a tablespoon of olive oil in a nonstick pan. Crack the eggs into the pan; season with salt and pepper. Once the whites are set, gently flip the eggs and cook until they reach the desired consistency. Alternatively, you can hard-boil the egg.

7.    Top each serving of vegetables with an egg and serve. This recipe will make extra. The leftovers are great as a cold salad the next day.

This recipe is from the website of CUESA (The Center for Urban Education about Sustainable Agriculture). This recipe was demonstrated for CUESA’s Market to Table program on March 9, 2013.

Source: Robin Song, Hog & Rocks


A New Leaf

Lauren Brookhart

If you haven’t already heard, we are making some exciting changes in our florist greenhouse! But first, let’s take a look back at our “roots”…

Did you know that when we first opened, we had no flower shop? The greenhouses up on the hill were used for growing & selling African Violets and some azaleas. Once the Lord and Burnham greenhouse (a state of the art model at the time) was added, the florist department really took shape and in 1962 our “true” florist became a reality. This was the heyday of carnations, chrysanthemums, marguerite daises and roses. More blooming plants were brought in along with houseplants and a big fridge full of cut flowers for our newly hired designers.

Here are a few great pictures of those early days…

Terracotta chickens are still available, as well as the "bubble bowls!"

Terracotta chickens are still available, as well as the "bubble bowls!"

On trend: faux fruit, ferns and chrysanthemums! 

On trend: faux fruit, ferns and chrysanthemums! 

A coffered ceiling! Our collection of silks or "everlasting" flowers can now be found in this alcove!

A coffered ceiling! Our collection of silks or "everlasting" flowers can now be found in this alcove!

This is our upper greenhouse, now used as storage for our Garden Shop. 

This is our upper greenhouse, now used as storage for our Garden Shop. 

When reminiscing about our past, it reminds us that our business and in turn, our industry is always evolving and sometimes “everything old is new again”. As we welcome in the New Year we’re going back to our roots in a way and will bring you a wide selection of beautiful plants presented in a brand new environment. We are excited about our new look and invite you to come discover it for yourself. Please excuse our "mess” as we work on creating an inspiring place to let your imagination run free.

In order to accommodate a much wider assortment of indoor plants of all kinds, we’re making room by eliminating all of our fresh cut flower offerings. This will give us the freedom to make room for more of what you’ve been asking for! More blooming plants, tropicals, tillandsia, houseplants and all the lovely things that go with them that make your home, apartment, loft or office a welcoming place to relax and enjoy.

Naturally, we will be continuing to send our lovely things as gifts for all your special occasions! If you need a designer for weddings and events, we highly recommend contacting Laura Vance at (510) 575-5591 and Sue Hayashi-Smith at (510) 457-8352 for an elegant and exquisite design. 

Come pay us a visit as we create a new and exciting atmosphere for you to shop and enjoy! 

Love these old images of the nursery as much as we do? Then read on to The History of Orchard Nursery & Florist

Bareroot 101

Lauren Brookhart

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And she was fair as is the rose in May.

                                    - Geoffrey Chaucer

Plant a rose now and you’ll have flowers in May! Our bareroot roses, including David Austin, have arrived and are ready for purchase! 

Question of the month: How should I plant bareroot roses and fruit trees that are in pulp pots?

We plant our bareroot roses and fruit trees in biodegradable pulp pots so that they can be planted through the growing season, not just during bareroot season (January and February).

Our pulp pots will typically degrade completely within about a year. When planted early (January or February), we recommend taking bareroot plants out of the pots and planting as you would any bareroot plant.

Once fully leafed out (March-May), roses and fruit trees are growing fine roots, which are easily broken. At this point, we recommend planting pot and all to avoid transplant stress. Before planting, slit the sides of the pulp pot vertically in four places to within an inch or two of the top rim. The bottom may also be removed. Plant so that the soil in the pot is the same depth as the soil outside the pot. The rim of the pot may be removed, or you can leave it in place as a watering basin for the first year.

Later in the season (June-August) roots have developed enough that they will hold a root ball together. For best results at this stage, remove the pot by tearing it carefully away from the root ball. Don’t try to pull the plant out of the pot, as this will break roots.

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“Insurance” for Bareroot Plants

Bareroot plants have been described as “sticks with roots”. If you’ve never planted anything from bareroot stock before, you might doubt that these leafless plants will ever amount to anything. But like a spring miracle, bareroot roses and fruit trees will leaf out and bloom the very first season (although it may take fruit trees a few years to produce a substantial crop).

Because they don’t have an established root system, we recommend helping bareroot plants by using Rootmaster B-1, which is more than regular B-1. It contains a hormone, similar to that in Rootone, that actually stimulates new white root hairs in plants. When used in conjunction with starter fertilizer, it gives plants a wonderful start and helps insure the health of the plant as it establishes in the landscape. Apply once a week, according to directions, for the first 4 to 6 weeks.

Questions? Stop in and talk with one of our nursery professionals today! 

December, 1985

Lauren Brookhart

Here's a throwback to December 1985! Does anyone remember receiving our newsletter in the mail at that time?

This era of our newsletter was created by Tom Giantvalley. Up in his office, on the second floor of the Lazy K, he meticulously hand wrote each version of the newsletter on a stencil. He then used a mimeograph to create copies, hand-cranking each individual copy through the machine. (These are the days long before digital copiers!)

Fun fact: Next time you're in the nursery, take a moment to identify the giant redwood behind the Lazy K, it was planted by Tom years ago. 

We at the nursery love looking through these old editions, a true nod to our past and rich with plant knowledge, character and wit! Enjoy! 


Bakesale Betty's Coleslaw

Lauren Brookhart

If you've ever been lucky enough to dine at Oakland's Bakesale Betty, you know what we're talking about - scrumptious strawberry shortcake, finger-licking good fried chicken sandwiches and mouth-watering pumpkin bread. If you haven't, we highly recommend stopping by their Temescal location to try! But in the meantime, here is their delicious coleslaw recipe to tide you over until then.

Servings: 6


  • 1 tablespoon Dijon mustard
  • 3 tablespoons red wine vinegar
  • 1/2 teaspoon salt
  • 1/2 cup extra virgin olive oil
  • 1 small red onion (sliced very thin)
  • 1/2 cup red wine vinegar
  • 1/2 green cabbage (core and outer leaves removed; sliced very thin)
  • 1/4 cup chopped parsley
  • 2 jalapeño chiles (cut in half lengthwise; sliced crosswise)
  • 1/2 cup chopped cilantro
  • 1/2 teaspoon salt


For the vinaigrette:  mix the Dijon, red wine vinegar, and salt in a small bowl.  Whisk in the olive oil.

For the coleslaw: In a small bowl, cover sliced onions with red wine vinegar, allowing to macerate for 5 minutes. Drain off vinegar, discard and add onions to a medium mixing bowl along with cabbage, parsley, jalapeños, cilantro, salt and enough vinaigrette to moisten. Combine all ingredients and adjust seasoning.

This recipe was shared by Kaiser Permanente's Food for Health, Recipes for Life.

Keeping Your Holiday Greenery Fresh

Lauren Brookhart

The time between Thanksgiving and Christmas may feel like it passes in the blink of an eye, but it’s a long time to keep fresh holiday greenery inside the house! Cut trees, wreaths and garland can dry out and drop needles, but there are several ways you can help keep them fresh! 

Fresh greenery - find them in Garden's Gate! 

Fresh greenery - find them in Garden's Gate! 

Before bringing your tree in the house, spray it thoroughly with Cloud Cover or Wilt Stop and allow it to dry. This product is an anti-transpirant which keeps living plants and cut trees from losing excess water through the leaves. We also recommend using it on your wreaths and garland to keep them fresh.

Note that using Cloud Cover may suppress the fragrance of evergreens. Our trick? Stop into the Lazy K and shop their collection of Aromatique's Smell of the Tree room fragrances, potpourri and candles. Infuse your home with the scent of freshly cut evergreens, the quintessential scent of the season! 

Shop the Lazy K for the scent of the season!

Shop the Lazy K for the scent of the season!

Our top recommended products.

Our top recommended products.

Fresh cuts only work when done just before placing the tree into water.

It's the layer just under the bark that takes up water, so there's no need to cut all the way across the trunk. Just make a diagonal cut on the bottom 1/2" of the trunk, paring down the outer bark to expose fresh water-conducting tissue just before putting the tree in water. 

Fill the water bowl immediately after standing your tree, and top off the bowl frequently, especially the first few days, as the tree can take up a lot of water.

Use KEEPS-IT GREEN Christmas Tree Preservative in the water bowl to prevent the growth of bacteria that can block uptake of water. Add 1 ounce per 1 gallon of water. 

If possible, place your tree away from any heater vents, or close heater vents near the tree. 

These few simple steps will help keep your tree fresh till the New Year! Happy Holidays! 


Fall Garden Care

Lauren Brookhart

Every month we post our This Month In Your Garden to ensure you have a checklist of just want to plant and what plants need a little extra love. As we near winter, it is important to keep an eye out for anything that needs last minute attention before the weather grows colder, the days darker and we take shelter in our cozy abodes. Here are a few of our must-have garden tips we practice in our own yards, and a few things you shouldn't miss on your next visit...

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Feed lawns with Master Nursery's Fall & Winter Feed 20-6-7. Apply monthly to keep your lawns at their best. Why apply this over regular lawn food? The nitrogen in the Fall & Winter Feed is formulated to work even faster in the colder months of the year. 



Feed spring-flowering plants and fruit trees monthly with Master Bloom 0-10-10 or E.B. Stone Organics Ultra Bloom 0-10-10. These fertilizers are formulated with without nitrogen to boost flowering and fruiting.

We especially recommend feeding your azaleas, camellias and rhododendrons for spectacular blooms. A 0-10-10 will also improve your yield, quality and sweetness of your citrus and other fruit trees! 


We love their luscious fruit, but peach and nectarine trees are all susceptible to leaf curl, a fungal disease that causes curly, distorted leaves and reduced fruit production. Now is the time to start spraying your trees for prevention of leaf curl. Spray with Copper Fungicide at the rate of 2 ounces per gallon of water. Make your first application at 80% leaf drop, (which is generally around Thanksgiving.)

Make additional applications at bud swell (late winter), popcorn (buds just showing color), full bloom and petal fall. Remember to reapply if it rains within 24 hours of application! 




As we approach our first frost (could be any day now!), stock up on our recommended tools to protect your frost tender plants! Apply Bonide's Wilt Stop to prevent drying out, winter kill, wind burn, transplant shock and more. 

We also recommend covering your plants with our Frost Protection Blankets. Available in a range of sizes and by the foot, we use frost blankets in the nursery ourselves to protect our plants through winter (especially our succulents and citrus) and highly suggest it for your garden. Find Wilt Stop and Frost Protection Blankets near our outside shop. 

Looking for something frost hardy for quick greenery and a burst of color? Check out our Bedding Department's stock of Ornamental Kale and Cabbage. With varied foliage and available in a range of colors, these ornamentals are one of our favorite winter plants! Questions? Stop into the nursery and let us help you get your garden winter ready! 



It's not all about preventative care this month; just in at the nursery are our onion sets! Sold in bunches of 25, we also have 6-packs available. With red, white and yellow onions available, we're sure you'll find a variety to your liking. Plant now in full sun with fertile, well-drained soil (we recommend mulching!) Hurry in, they’re going fast!



The deadline to receive 20% off your prepaid order of roses and fruit trees is approaching - December 1st to be exact! All stock will be arriving bareroot in January.

Our Rose List features our must-haves and several new beauties and be sure to check out our Bareroot Fruit List for your favorite farmer's market varieties. December will be here before we know it, give us a call or stop in to place your order this week! 

For more of our tips for your fall garden, check out This Month In Your Garden, and be sure to lookout for our December edition! 

From Our Florist: Seasonal Arrangements

Lauren Brookhart

A floral arrangement is the perfect way to bring in the best of the season. Whether you are designing the perfect dining room table centerpiece, dressing up the mantle or adding a bit of color and freshness to your guest room, the possibilities are endless. (And we're not even talking flower variety, color palette, style or shape!)

Although with endless possibilities, it's hard to know exactly what you want until you see it. If you have a clear vision, speak with one our floral designers today and have them help create a custom arrangement to ring in the holiday season! 

If not, keep scrolling and audibly ooh and ahh over the handiwork of our florist team...

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 Balance colors across a kitchen arrangement with varying textures in odd numbers to keeping it unique and compelling. Think outside the box when adding edibles and keep in mind seasonality! 


And hey! While we're in the season of giving, why not indulge in a little self-love and treat yourself to a beautiful bouquet?! 


Looking familiar? You may have seen a few of our arrangements featured in Gentry HOME Magazine's A Bloom for Every Room on pages 46, 48 and 50.


Our 3-1 container arrangement is sleek, modern and short enough to have a conversation over. 

For a bedroom, a compact arrangement is versatile and appealing to the eye at any angle. Romantic cream roses and blues provide a calming palate for a bedside table. Pair with in-style blue and white pottery for a more classic look. 

Please note that these arrangements span the seasons and not every flower seen above is in season and thus, currently available. A few of our fall favorites include spider mums, oriental lilies, protea, sunflowers, calla lilies, snap dragons, gerbera daisies and roses. 

Stop in and let us help you create a spectacular arrangement today!